测试

测试业务逻辑

GET /users/:id

这个业务是根据用户的 id 从数据库取到该用户数据,如果用户不存在则返回404和提示语句。

创建 User

POST /users

  • 接受 JSON 格式的数据。
  • 创建成功返回 201 - Created
  • 发生错误返回 500 - Internal Server Error

获取 User

GET /users/:email

  • 获取成功返回 200 - OK
  • 发生错误返回 404 - Not Found if user is not found otherwise 500 - Internal Server Error

handler.go

package handler

import (
	"net/http"

	"github.com/labstack/echo"
)

type (
	User struct {
		Name  string `json:"name" form:"name"`
		Email string `json:"email" form:"email"`
	}
	handler struct {
		db map[string]*User
	}
)

func (h *handler) createUser(c echo.Context) error {
	u := new(User)
	if err := c.Bind(u); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	return c.JSON(http.StatusCreated, u)
}

func (h *handler) getUser(c echo.Context) error {
	email := c.Param("email")
	user := h.db[email]
	if user == nil {
		return echo.NewHTTPError(http.StatusNotFound, "user not found")
	}
	return c.JSON(http.StatusOK, user)
}

handler_test.go

package handler

import (
	"net/http"
	"net/http/httptest"
	"strings"
	"testing"

	"github.com/labstack/echo"
	"github.com/stretchr/testify/assert"
)

var (
	mockDB = map[string]*User{
		"jon@labstack.com": &User{"Jon Snow", "jon@labstack.com"},
	}
	userJSON = `{"name":"Jon Snow","email":"jon@labstack.com"}`
)

func TestCreateUser(t *testing.T) {
	// 设置
	e := echo.New()
	req := httptest.NewRequest(echo.POST, "/", strings.NewReader(userJSON))
	req.Header.Set(echo.HeaderContentType, echo.MIMEApplicationJSON)
	rec := httptest.NewRecorder()
	c := e.NewContext(req, rec)
	h := &handler{mockDB}

	// 断言
	if assert.NoError(t, h.createUser(c)) {
		assert.Equal(t, http.StatusCreated, rec.Code)
		assert.Equal(t, userJSON, rec.Body.String())
	}
}

func TestGetUser(t *testing.T) {
	// 设置
	e := echo.New()
	req := httptest.NewRequest(echo.GET, "/", nil)
	rec := httptest.NewRecorder()
	c := e.NewContext(req, rec)
	c.SetPath("/users/:email")
	c.SetParamNames("email")
	c.SetParamValues("jon@labstack.com")
	h := &handler{mockDB}

	// 断言
	if assert.NoError(t, h.getUser(c)) {
		assert.Equal(t, http.StatusOK, rec.Code)
		assert.Equal(t, userJSON, rec.Body.String())
	}
}

使用 Form 表单提交

f := make(url.Values)
f.Set("name", "Jon Snow")
f.Set("email", "jon@labstack.com")
req := httptest.NewRequest(echo.POST, "/", strings.NewReader(f.Encode()))
req.Header.Set(echo.HeaderContentType, echo.MIMEApplicationForm)

设置 URL 参数

c.SetParamNames("id", "email")
c.SetParamValues("1", "jon@labstack.com")

设置请求参数

q := make(url.Values)
q.Set("email", "jon@labstack.com")
req := http.NewRequest(echo.POST, "/?"+q.Encode(), nil)

测试中间件

TBD 你可以在这里查看框架自带中间件的测试代码。